Using Spherical Harmonics for Modeling Antenna Patterns

Arne Schmitz , Thomas Karolski, Leif Kobbelt
IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium, 15th to 18th January 2012, Santa Clara, USA, to be published

In radio wave propagation simulations there is a need for modeling antenna patterns. Both the transmitting and the receiving antenna influence the wireless link. We use spherical harmonics to compress the amount of measured data needed for complex antenna patterns. We present a method to efficiently incorporate these patterns into a ray tracing framework for radio wave propagation. We show how to efficiently generate rays according to the transmitting antenna pattern. The ray tracing simulation computes a compressed irradiance field for every point in the scene. The receiving antenna pattern can then be applied to this field for the final estimation of signal strength.



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